Online Recruitment by IS a Matter of Concern, Says Defence Minister

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Monday expressed concern over the Islamic State using Internet for recruitment, saying it was important to enhance information and communications technology (ICT) capabilities to face any threat.

“…you take the example of terrorist organisation like Daesh or IS; they use Internet to ensure lot of recruitment and support. They are the ones who are the best users of Internet technology for promoting their cause,” the minister said at an event.

“My worry is about information blackout due to various disruptive mechanisms… information corruption can be another danger to platforms; and information overload is also a problem,” he said while talking about the Islamic State terrorist organisation.

The minister was speaking at the inaugural session of the two-day DEFCOM-2015, jointly conducted by the Indian Army’s Corps of Signals and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) under the theme ‘Enabling ICTEC Infrastructure and Harnessing the Human Capital for Digital Army’.

“One way to progress is through ICT use and make a more digitised army… we need to enhance our capability so that we are protected,” he said.

“ICT has a very important role to play. The future wars may be cyber wars. I see the signals for it and this is not necessarily in a way we think… I believe very strongly that ultimately a conventional army cannot be replaced but it can be equipped with all the information to fight in a well planned way without interruption,” Parrikar added.

Describing India as a source of human intelligence, the minister said: “We have been in the forefront of software development and now there is a need to go into better hardware designing and integration in our streams.”

The defence minister also inaugurated an exhibition of leading edge equipment by over 50 Indian and international manufacturers.

The IS is known to have extensively used Internet and social networking websites for recruiting youths from India and other parts of the world.

It is possibly the first terrorist group to have used Internet to such an extent for recruitment.

In May this year, around 14 students, heading to join the IS, were stopped at Hyderabad airport.

In September, a 38-year-old Indian woman, identified as Afsha Jabeen alias ‘Nicky Joseph’, was deported from Dubai for trying to recruit youth to the IS.

New Quantum Tech May Lead to ‘Unbreachable’ Web Communications

A new telecommunications technique which uses quantum technology could lead to the development of unbreacheable Internet communication links, an international research team, has claimed in a paper published Monday.

Researchers from the Universities of Glasgow, Stanford, Tokyo and Wurzburg describe how they have implemented a novel tool for a long-distance telecommunication link which is impossible for hackers to breach.

Published in the journal Nature Communications, the technique could also underpin the creation of a new form of ‘quantum Internet’.

Scientists have previously used the phenomenon of quantum entanglement – also known as ‘spooky action at a distance’ – to allow the exchange of information over short distances.

Entanglement allows particles which are physically separated to share properties – for example, the direction of one electron’s spin will be related to the direction of spin of its entangled partner.

This process of entanglement also allows scientists to encode information in quantum particles, similar to the way in which the ones and zeroes (known as bits) of digital communication are used to encode all kinds of data. Two computers sharing quantum information are much more secure, as any interception by a third party will change the properties of the data itself, allowing easy detection by the intended recipient.

The team, co-ordinated by University of Glasgow postdoctoral research fellow Chandra Mouli Natarajan, together with colleagues at Stanford, managed to create long distance telecommunications link for a stationary quantum bit for the first time.

“The physics behind quantum communication, by their very nature, make data transfer utterly secure – any tampering with either side of the communication will be immediately apparent because it will affect the quantum correlations,” Natarajan said.

“Our work is an important step towards creating architectures for the future hybrid quantum Internet.” Prof Robert Hadfield’s group in the School of Engineering at the University of Glasgow provided key technical expertise in advanced single photon detector technology in the telecom band.

The paper is titled ‘Two-photon interference at telecom wavelengths for time-bin-encoded single photons from quantum-dot spin qubits’.

CyanogenMod Releases Android 6.0 Marshmallow-Based CM13 Nightly Builds

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The CyanogenMod community on Monday announced that CM13 nightly builds based on Android 6.0 Marshmallow are now available to download for select handsets. CM13 nightly builds are available for the OnePlus One (bacon), Nexus 7 (deb & flo), LG G4 (h815), Galaxy Tab Pro 8.4 (mondrianwifi), LG GPad 7.0 (v400 & v410), LG G3 Verizon (vs985), and Moto X 2014 (victara). The list will expand over time, says the firm, and that Snapshot builds will arrive in January.

The community in a blog post warns that those users currently running CM12.1 YOG4P or CM12.1 YOG7D builds on their handsets will experience a “dip in quality.” It further said that, “We’d advise these folks to stay on the SNAPSHOT train, and we’ll have a quality approved SNAPSHOT for CM13 sometime Jan.”

We must point out to users that nightly builds are not stable builds, and are generated/ compiled every 24 hours by developers. The builds are experimental, and while they usually contain brand new features, are usually very unstable. Snapshots builds are more stable, sufficient for general use, but not as stable as release candidate or stable builds.

Also, users who are on a CM12.1 nightly can ‘dirty flash’ CM13 but they would have to also update third party add-ons in the same pass. “This means, if you use Xposed, OpenGapps, etc. flash a Marshmallow compatible version of them immediately after your CM13 flash.” The upgrade may not be compatible with third party distributions, so users with such builds are recommended to wipe their devices before installing.

The CyanogenMod community in September announced that several popular Huawei, HTC, LG, Motorola, Samsung, and Xiaomi will now be supported by CyanogenMod OS. The new supported smartphones include Huawei’s Honor 4, Honor 4x, Ascend Mate 2, and Snapto; Motorola’s Moto E (Gen 2), Moto G (3rd Gen); Xiaomi’s Mi 3w and Mi 4; Oppo’s R7, R7 Plus, and R5; Samsung’s Galaxy S5 mini Duos and Galaxy S5 (Japan and China variants); HTC’s One M8 Dual SIM, and LG’s G3 (Korean variant).