Online Rummy Games – Will They Stay or Fade Away

Rummy is one of the most popular card games. It can be played both online and offline. The best part about this game is that people of all ages can play this game just by learning a few rules. The game of rummy is usually played between 2 to 6 players. The number of people whoplay rummy games online has grown exponentially in the recent years. The main question here is that whether the online rummy games will stay for fade away. Let’s try finding out the answer.

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Will the Online Rummy Games Stay or Fade Away?

When it comes to popular card games,rummy hardly has any substitute. The gameplay is different and so are the rules. It is next to impossible to create a card game of such a calibre. Rummy has attracted millions of users worldwide and has given them a chance to utilize their skills for winning cash. Rummy is not just a game, it is more than that. There is no chance that the game of rummy will fade away with time. Here’s why online rummy is here to stay:

Why the Online Rummy Games will stay?

The online rummy games are there to stay forever. No other game can take their place. Here are some of the reasons that compliment to the fact that online rummy games will stay forever, and people will continue to enjoy playing them on the internet.

Legalization

The rummy games were often misinterpreted with betting in earlier day and this was one of the reasons why most of the countries considered it illegal. But as the game went viral on the web, people used to realize that rummy is the game of skill. Most of the countries around the world made playing this game online legal. Rummy is a game of skills and a sheer test of memory acumen. Though the distribution of cards is done by a random generator, but ultimately, it is the player who is responsible for win or loss.

No Other Game of Its Type

Games usually fade away because new games in the same genre take their place. But rummy is a card game that is centuries old. The rules of playing this gameare completely different and this is why no other game of same type can be created to challenge rummy.

Increasing Popularity

The ever increasing popularity of rummy games is one of the reasons why it would be next to impossible thing to replace rummy with any other game. The game of rummy is played by millions of people around the world. In India itself, there are over 50 million rummy players. The number is still increasing day by day.

The Last Words

Online rummy games have created a revolution on the internet. It is one of the most popular forms of card games that exist online. You can play rummy for cash and can even win other rewards by joining rummy websites.

Google Clamps Down on Sneaky Malicious Sites

malware-spamSites that repeatedly violate Google’s safe browsing policies will be classified as repeat offenders, the company said last week.

A small number of websites take corrective actions after Google displays alerts on their landing pages warning visitors that they’re harmful. However, they typically revert to violating the policies after Google goes through the process of verifying that they’re safe and removes the warnings.

Google verification procedures may launch automatically, or webmasters canrequest verification through Google’s Search Console.

Webmasters of sites classified as repeat offenders won’t be able to request additional reviews through the Search Console for a period 30 days under the new rules, which went into effect last week.

Google’s warnings will appear on those sites during the 30-day period.

Google will notify webmasters of sites established as repeat offenders with an email sent to their registered Search Console email address.

Sites that host malware or malicious links after having been hacked will be exempted from the new policy.

The Need to Crack Down

About 1 billion people use Google Safe Browsing, and tens of millions of people are protected every week by warnings placed on malicious websites, according to Google’s transparency report.

Still, that is not enough: Malicious spam is surging, and 61 percent of email Web traffic in September contained spam, according to Kaspersky Lab. That’s an increase of 37 percent compared with Q2, and the largest amount of malicious spam since 2014.

The majority of malicious spam emails contained ransomware; some contained malware or links to malicious sites.

Putting the Squeeze On

“While 30 days may not be strict enough, the behavior [Google is] trying to prevent is malicious intent within the site,” noted Thomas Pore, director of IT and services at Plixer International.

Google’s strategy “may cause the malicious actor to move on,” he told TechNewsWorld, but “the drawback here is that the [actor] may move on and set up another domain, and there will be new victims.”

Cybercrime is a business, and “the more costly we make [it] for the criminal, the better off we will be,” observed Adam Meyer, chief security strategist atSurfWatch Labs.

Fraud is like a partially inflated balloon — squeeze it in your hand and the air will expand into the unrestricted part of the balloon, he observed.

Google is “squeezing the balloon” with its new action, and while criminals will shift tactics in response, the cost to them will go up, Meyer told TechNewsWorld. “Ultimately, exposure should go down, in principle.”

The Impact of Google’s Move

Google’s crackdown “should help shut down sites that are harmful,” said Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group.

However, “it may make people feel safer than they actually are, and it looks like it’s more focused on good PR for Google,” he told TechNewsWorld.

It’s “very easy to work around restrictions like this by launching new sites, and hostile players will likely game the system,” Enderle said. “Until [Google] can actually prosecute the bad players, moves like this are just Band-Aids and don’t approach mitigating the actual problem.”

Web administrators “will need to be more vigilant on correcting vulnerabilities on their websites, and stop sweeping issues under the carpet,” SurfWatch Labs’ Meyer maintained.

Other Steps

“It would be interesting if Google starts looking at the hosting location or ASN (autonomous system number) or provider for many of these sites, as well as the name servers being used,” Plixer’s Pore said.

“While it’s possible that domain registration could be used to identify a malicious actor and then warnings could be applied for other sites that user has registered, most bad actors are using private registration,” he pointed out.

However, given that bad actors tend to be international, the problem will require a global solution, Enderle said, which has “proven elusive to date.

Simple and Effective Way To Place Order with ShoppingApps

Onlineshopping provide new revel in as opposed to different mode ofshoppingthereforethe net purchasing has terrific welcome between the customer inessential a part of the arena. Filpkart is main and top maximum online shopping internet site that offer give up number of the emblem product with the pleasant charge so obsessively the client can go with online keep to shop for the product. To cut down the purchasing cost of the product, make use of the shopping app, which introduce the important coupons on extensive product to buy which absolutely reduce the cash of the buying. Atthe identical time the app offer themasses of the collectionto shop for but within the offline, it has less series to select asresult it will bevery hard tomove in advance with thewish objects to shop for over the offline.This application offer the big variety of the app shopping day income at the extensive product however; it relevant on cell app of flipkart and it need not need code to get admission to such offers. aside from that ,this app offer the brilliant deal on the memory card andpen drives which absolutely offer the higher guide toget right of entry to the product . thisonline storeprefer to shop for logo product so the purchasercan experienceloose to go along with fundamental product at the websiteso one can be worthier for the cash for purchasingproducts.

Most of coupons are software on the validity time so customer could make of the deal and get the important benefits it. Therefore, you have to with the online shopping on keep and access the better method to enhance foremost product to buy over the online. it provide the unfastened shippingfee for major product and supply thegadgets tohuge region that assist to get admission to the product in a quick time.This shopping app built with all modern features that let to clientto accessthe great deals and other discount. This on line-purchasing offer the better deal and coupons which might be absolutely hassle unfastened revel in and offer the essential cozy for cash transaction so it will be greater secure for the purchaser to beautify better solution at the same day itself. With theshopping app, the usercan make onlinepaymentwith thesafeway so that it will bemorecomfortable for the customer. This app canrunover the basicsmart phone model to high-class smart phone soit willbe easy for thecustomer.

Right here it proper vicinity to acquire the entire primary product such purchaser, domestic add-ons, smart smartphone an a great deal extra to buy at identical place with the notable coupons. We introduce the various coupons on each product so it drives the high visitors for the client to get right of entry to the exceptional product over the online.it offer the go back policy in case of any product fail to fulfill the consumeryou canreturnthe productbut is softwarefor3 daysfrom that date of purchasing.Even the shopping appgets updatewith newfeaturesso thatit brings thenewexperienceto thecustomer. It provide the cozy set of rules of the web price that allow the consumer to enhance the better solution for the shopping the predominant product. Each season, it plans to gives the awesome deal and gives the better guide for the customer so it let the customer to keep at the diverse merchandise with the super deals. The coupons are real which absolutely paintings on buy over the web store so you can feel free to apply and get instantaneous discount on product.

Silicon Valley Debates Thiel’s money man position in Gawker suit

The virtual media international become abuzz last week whilst information surfaced that billionaire Peter Thiel, one among PayPal’s cofounders, had supplied monetary backing for a defamation lawsuit towards Gawker Media.

peter-thiel-financed-hulk-hogan-defamation-lawsuit-against-gawker

The healthy stemmed from Gawker’s book of a sex tape involving ex-WWE celeb Terry Bollea, better referred to as “Hulk Hogan.” A Florida jury awarded Bollea US$140 million in March.

Thiel, a facebook board member and longtime monetary supporter of the Committee to guard reporters, showed that he subsidized the Hogan case in component due to his worries about Gawker Media’s journalism processes.

Gawker’s former web site, Valleywag, outed Thiel as homosexual in a 2007 series of articles that also affected the lives of lots of Thiel’s pals. even though Thiel became a rich public determine, the booklet drew massive complaint from media analysts.

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Thiel’s economic guide within the Hogan case was motivated with the aid of a preference to deter the e-book from inflicting comparable harm to those with fewer resources to reply, he instructed The big apple instances.

The guide changed into bullying human beings to get attention in the absence of any public hobby, he stated.

Thiel supplied approximately $10 million to help finance the Hogan legal case, in keeping with the instances.

Hogan rose to fame as the WWF heavyweight Champion within the 1980s and then starred in numerous films, which include the Rocky collection. even though he amassed thousands and thousands of greenbacks through his wrestling and entertainment endeavors, his wealth does now not method that of Thiel, who is stated to be well worth approximately $2.7 billion.

Silent associate

closing week’s hubbub followed reviews that Gawker founder Nick Denton become looking to promote after a court docket closing week denied the organisation’s motion to retry the Hogan case and the award amount become allowed to face.

“we’ve usually stated we assume to prevail on appeal and we’ve got usually stated we’re exploring contingency plans of diverse types so it truly is no longer new,” Gawker Media said in a announcement provided to the E-trade instances by means of spokesperson Lexi Georgiadis.

Gawker earlier this year announced a deal to promote a minority stake to Columbus Nova technology companions as a way to fund boom tasks and pay for the Hogan protection.

“every person take a breath. we’ve had bankers engaged for pretty a while given the want for contingency making plans around facebook board member Peter Thiel’s revenge campaign — and that’s how the Columbus Nova funding became arranged,” Gawker Media added. “We recently engaged [Houlihan Lokey Managing Director] Mark Patricof to endorse us and that appears to have stirred up some excitement, when the reality is that not anything is new.”

ethical Questions

it’s not uncommon for the brilliant rich to head after media agencies, but Thiel’s mystery guide in the Hogan case provides a new wrinkle, said Rick Edmonds, media business analyst at the Poynter Institute.

“it’s relatively commonplace for the rich to sue information media just to try to get even, whether or not they’ve a case,” he informed TechNewsWorld. “that is a one-of-a-kind twist, locating a person else with a better case and looking to damage the opening that way. That may be dubious ethically, however i am quite certain it is not illegal nor does it enhance a primary amendment issue.”

it is not likely that fb might be broken by using this, however there may be a moderate hazard that it is able to face pressure to part with Thiel, “because he’s too warm and divisive” on media-associated issues, Edmonds stated.

Thiel and the Thiel basis furnished huge economic assist to the Committee to defend journalists between July 2008 and January 2013, stated government Director Joel Simon.

“As a free expression agency, we’ve a extensive form of supporters with a extensive kind of views,” he discovered.

As for Thiel backing the Hogan case, “we help the proper of individuals inside the usa and round the arena to are trying to find civil redress in cases of defamation,” Simon introduced. “but we do no longer support efforts to abuse the process by using in search of to punish or [bankrupt] unique media stores.”

“The net right to submit awful matters does have limits,” stated Peter S. Vogel, a accomplice at Gardere.

“What Peter Thiel did to fund the Hulk Hogan case isn’t so uncommon,” he advised TechNewsWorld, noting that 0.33 events such as the digital Frontier foundation, the digital privacy data center and the yank Civil Liberties Union regularly “pursue litigation to help parents.”

How to choose the best gadgets online?

Gadgets are no just for the one who is computer geeks or the enthusiasts; there are many gadgets that are designed for the kids also. These days, different kinds of gadgets are available in the marketplace through which people can choose their appropriate one easily. Apart from the mobile, there are many electronic gadgets that can add the style and glamour to your life. In simple words, you can say that with the help of the technology you can enjoy the different types of gadgets that can boost up your life. You can even purchase the gadgets through the internet.

If you are purchasing the electronic gadget for the first time then you can follow the below steps:

  1. 1. Choose the reliable online store: To purchase the gadgets online you need to choose the good and the reliable online store through which you can do the shopping for the gadgets. Millions of online stores are available on the internet that offers the gadgets to the people. You need to pick the best one so that you can get the best experience of shopping.
  2. 2. Go through the website: Before picking any website you need to go through the website carefully. In this way, you will get the fair idea about the website and its service that they offer to their customer. You can also go through their offers. You should also know whether the particular website provides any offer or not. Many online stores are there that offers the product at the discounted price. To get the discount one need to use the promo code of the particular store like shopclues promo codes.
  3. Understand your requirement: You need to know your requirement of the gadget so that you can purchase the gadget accordingly. Whether you are looking for the mobile or for the ear plugs you need to know your requirement. In this way, you will be able to purchase the best gadgets for your use.
  4. Take the help of the coupon: You can take the help of the shopping coupon through which you can get the gadget in discount price. You can get the shopping coupon through the internet and you can use it to get the discount price easily like Amazon India discount code. In this way, you will be bale to enjoy the shopping for the gadgets without any difficulty.
  5. Go through the review: You can take the help of the review for choose the best gadgets. Many people are there who share their opinion on the particular products that they have used and experienced. With the help of the review, you can pick the best one without any problem. Reviews are the best way to choose the products through the internet. It will help you to choose the best and the reliable gadgets.

These are the few steps that will help you to purchase the bets gadget through the online store. You can experience the best online shopping when you will do the shopping carefully.

6 Biggest Cyber Threats to Watch Out for in 2016

In 2014, computer users faced vulnerability issues like Heartbleed and in the year 2015, there were more data stealing attacks and intrusions on their systems. The year 2015 also witnessed extortion attacks like Ashley Madison hack and the InvestBank hack in UAE. Most of the users think that their antivirus software is enough to protect their system. A few users know that spyware and malware-fighting software can add to the security. If you choose reputed software like Bitdefender Internet Security 2016, then it would safeguard your computer against avariety of hacks. Take a peep into the biggest cyber threats to watch for this year, and stay safe.

Extortion Hacks

Ransomware attacks are some of the threats to be expected this year. These types of hacks are malware encrypts that lock the computer of the victim. This means the victim cannot access the computer until the hacker lets him access it. Another issue with this type of blackmail hacks is that the hacker will threaten to release sensitive data of the company unless the victim accepts to pay a hefty amount of money. Any business involves secured and confidential information, which when exposed can mean the business losing reliability. Even when there is abackup that lets you access data when the access is denied, you can see that the customer base is ruined when data is publicly exposed.

Data Manipulating Hacks

Data loss and exposure of the data can be threatening, but manipulation of the same data can be a nightmare. When someone steals the data, it means you can still have a backup. Imagine that you are a CEO of a bank, and the hackers steal data, manipulate it, and the next thing would be your bidding goodbye. What is more exhausting is, it wouldn’t become apparent instantly that data manipulation has occurred. If you want an example, remind yourself about the Lotus 1-2-3 bug. Under certain scenarios, in the spreadsheets, there would be some miscalculations. When data manipulation happens with the software used by the military, it could prove fatal for lots of soldiers.

Hacks for PIN numbers and Chips

Most people would think that all the reliable sites discard credit card information, and it is safe to use them again and again. But hackers have their own ways to steal these details. These days, you get a transaction password for that particular purchase or transaction, which has actually brought down the fraudulent activities. But what has happened is the hacks are doubled where cards are not present. If you complete a transaction over the intenet or over thephone, there are plenty of chances for the card details to get stolen.

Zombie Botnet

Anything related to the internet and technology definitely saw a rise in the year of 2015. At the same time, this tech trend also includes hacks. Yes, skateboards, dolls and connected cars, every gadget can be used for hacking. Already, the Internet of things (IoT) devices like baby monitors and CCTV cameras are turning into botnet armies to launch attacks against financial institutions. The nightmare is that the user wouldn’t know if the toaster or his baby monitor is connected in the zombie army.

Backdoor Hacks

It’s not only the banksthat suffer due to the hacks, but there are lots of technology and software companies that see this problem too. Case in point: a firmware company that we will not name, had 2 backdoors installed in their firewall. This let the hackers get their hands on the decrypted data that ran on the VPN traffic. Similarly, when there are backdoors on national security firewalls, they can be considered electronic espionage activities.

Kids Attack

No, the kids are not attacking, but their gaming toys can be used for these purposes. Some gaming devices can be manipulated to open the garage doors with ease, and vehicles’OnStar systems can enable hackers to access them with relative ease.

With all of these potential threats around, 2016 is looking to be a busy year for those who defend computer systems and the integrity of data.

The Ultimate Fitness Choice – Diamondback Fitness 510Sr Recumbent Bike

The “HEAD OF THE CLASS” award winning Diamondback Fitness 510Sr Recumbent Bike was introduced in 2011, is a solid, robust, noiseless, innovative, comfortable and has all the features that a person looks at a fitness bike. Not to mention that this is an impressive product from Diamondback is available at an inexpensive price tag and is beyond the expectations of a casual user or a fitness expert. The sleek design of the bike occupies less space and hence a perfect one for a home user.

Product Description

Built-in with 16 additions of resistance, this bike enables you to steadily expand your fitness passion, and with as many as 20 exercise series you will be amazed to discover the tempo that is exactly for you. You can see the calories reduced with instantaneous feedback on LCD monitor. This bike comes with typical, hard steel magnetic flywheel and the machinery built with steel, the bike is highly durable. The perfect seat support and aerate back are included to have many adjustment settings. Liberal warranty is one big plus of this bike.

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Key Features

  • Recumbent Exercise bike with 20 workout programs that consists of target heart rate and 16 levels of resistance
  • Handgrip heart rate sensors
  • LCD display with real-time feedback, QuickSet programmable keys, and scrolling message center
  • Integrated speaker system with mp3 connectivity, foldable magazine rack; adjustable cooling fan and cup holder
  • Sculptured seat base and back, modifiable console and arm rest, smooth and silent frictionless eddy current braking system

Design

The design is exclusively remarkable. This bike is designed with a perfect step-through frame and a large, informative display for the benefit of the user. The LCD screen and its display is extremely significant. The display is helpful for tracking and monitoring numeric statistics in real-time. Statistics such as distance traveled, heart rate, total exercise time, speed, and calorie count are included. The display and console also incorporate a fully integrated speaker system.  The bike contains many preloaded routines comprise programs such as fat-burning, strength, hill-climbing, and interval. The media bay, where the speakers are placed, includes an audio jack and a space for personal music devices. The step-through frame is important for users who have mobility issues.

User friendliness

Many physical therapists and physicians recommend this bike for users with injuries. Riding on this bike is made easy by simply sitting on the saddle and there is no need to lift the legs or any other awkward movement. The bike is so silent that you can watch your favorite program on the television without straining your neck, while working on it. You can read a book or can use ipad. There are a lot of programs to choose from and one can set his own profile program. The bike is provided with mesh seating which is very comfortable. The seat slides pretty easily forward and back, and the seat back slides up and down. This feature enables the users to adjust the seat with their size and height. The seat support is extremely comfortable and liberally cushioned. There is also a multi-speed cooling fan fitted to keep you cool during the workout. In this bike, there is also a facility to charge the mobile phone or music devices. Adjustable magazine rack and water bottle holder are also provided.

Specifications

  • The size of Assembled dimensions is 64 * 23 * 50
  • The size of Packaged dimensions is 67 * 13 * 31 inches (L*W*H)
  • The Product weight is 125 pounds
  • User Weight Capacity is 300 pounds

 

Warranty

The warranty is generous, comprehensive and ranks one of the best among the fitness bike market.

  • For frame and brake – lifetime
  • For mechanical parts and electrical parts – 3 years
  • For labor – 1 year
  • Items like pedal straps and seat support – 90 days

 

Airbnb Moves to Share Data on Its Rental Hosts in New York City

Airbnb has had a rough history with regulators in New York City. Now the company is playing nice.

On Tuesday, the short-term home-rental company began sharing data on the ways people open their homes to guests in the five boroughs. The data, an anonymized compendium of the thousands of hosts in New York, includes statistics like host earnings, the types of listings and how often people rent out their homes.

The effort is the first time Airbnb has voluntarily shared city data on a wide scale on how its hosts use the online platform. The move follows a public pledge that the company made last month, in which the startup said it wished to build an “open and transparent” community.

“Our hope is that people will understand 99 percent of people on Airbnb in New York City are using it as an economic lifeline,” Chris Lehane, Airbnb’s head of global policy and public affairs, said in an interview.

The action is part of the company’s broad effort to convince local and national regulators that Airbnb is not a platform for so-called illegal hotel operators, who use it to skirt local housing laws and hotel restrictions to regularly rent properties to travelers.

That issue has been particularly contentious in New York, where authorities have cited the rise of Airbnb as a significant reason for an increase in overall rent prices and a lack of affordable housing.

In a report last year based on Airbnb data, the New York State attorney general’s office said nearly three-quarters of Airbnb rentals in the city were illegal. By state law, a short-term entire-home rental is considered illegal if an apartment is rented out for less than 30 days. It is unclear what percentage of entire-home Airbnb listings in New York are rented for less than 30 days.

The back-and-forth landed Airbnb in court. Last May, after a protracted legal battle, Airbnb agreed to hand over anonymized data on the company’s hosts in the city to Eric T. Schneiderman, the New York state attorney general.

The new data set released on Tuesday, which is made available only by making an appointment to visit Airbnb’s New York City office, shows that a majority of New York City hosts do not have large numbers of properties to rent out. From November 2014 until November 2015, some 75 percent of revenue earned by active hosts in New York City who share their entire home came from people who have only one or two rental listings on the platform. Over 2015 to 2016, Airbnb projects that number will rise to 93 percent. The typical annual host income is roughly $5,110, according to the data.

“The vast majority of the community is doing this in the right way,” Lehane said.

Schneiderman declined to comment.

Airbnb, founded in 2008 and based in San Francisco, has over 2 million listings in 34,000 cities across 190 countries. The company is valued by investors at roughly $24 billion (roughly Rs. 1,59,760 crores) and recently closed another $100 million (roughly Rs. 665 crores) in venture financing, according to two people with knowledge of the matter. Airbnb declined to comment on fundraising matters.

As the company has grown, it has resisted regulations and fought alliances in the hotel industry, from which the startup is increasingly taking a large share of customers.

Airbnb said it would expand its data-sharing efforts beyond New York City. By sharing anonymized data with other towns, the company said it hoped regulators would work to draft more comprehensive, up-to-date legislation that deals with the short-term-rental phenomenon.

“Today is really the first example of us walking the walk,” Lehane said. “It’s important for us now, especially in New York, to start having this conversation.”

Google to Provide 360-Degree Viewing Experiences for Performing Arts

Google on Tuesday began letting online viewers get prime seats to ballets, operas and orchestra concerts, or even virtually step on stage with performers.

Google Cultural Institute launched an immersive 360-degree viewing experience in an alliance with more than 60 performing arts organizations, including Carnegie Hall and the Paris Opera.

“The new Performing Arts exhibition gives you a view that’s even closer than a front-row seat in the house,” Institute director Amit Sood said in a blog post.

“With 360-degree performance recordings, you can choose a dancer’s-eye view of the crowd, or look down from the stage into the orchestra pit.”

Members of virtual audiences are also given opportunities to peek backstage

“At the world’s leading performing arts venues – like Carnegie Hall, the Berliner Philharmonie, the Bolshoi Theatre – artists, costume designers, musicians, stage crews and many more all come together to create the perfect moment on stage,” Sood said.

“And now you can join them.”

Online visitors can visit the wig workshop at the opera house in Brussels or peer at the historic arches beneath the stage of the Fundacao Teatro Municipal in Sao Paolo, according to Google.

Street View imagery in Google Maps will provide backstage scenes, and let people check out views from various parts of venues.

“We have enjoyed working with the Google team over many months to look ahead, exploring new ways that technology can provide access to the world of Carnegie Hall,” said the executive director of the New York City facility, Clive Gillinson.

“We appreciate their strong commitment to sharing the power of the arts and the work of so many great institutions with people everywhere.”

The Google Cultural Institute was founded in 2011 to enable anyone with an Internet connection to have access to arts from around the world, according to Sood.

The institute started with partnerships with a small number of museums and not boasts alliances with more than 900 institutions.

More information about its offerings is available online at google.com/culturalinstitute/home.

US Government Reveals Breadth of Requests for Internet Records

The Federal Bureau of Investigation has used a secretive authority to compel Internet and telecommunications firms to hand over customer data including an individual’s complete web browsing history and records of all online purchases, a court filing released Monday shows.

The documents are believed to be the first time the government has provided details of its so-called national security letters, which are used by the FBI to conduct electronic surveillance without the need for court approval.

The filing made public Monday was the result of an 11-year-old legal battle waged by Nicholas Merrill, founder of Calyx Internet Access, a hosted service provider, who refused to comply with a national security letter (NSL) he received in 2004.

Merrill told Reuters the release was significant “because the public deserves to know how the government is gathering information without warrants on Americans who are not even suspected of a crime.”

National security letters have been available as a law enforcement tool since the 1970s, but their frequency and breadth expanded dramatically under the USA Patriot Act, which was passed shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks. They are almost always accompanied by an open-ended gag order barring companies from disclosing the contents of the demand for customer data.

A federal court ruled earlier this year that the gag on Merrill’s NSL should be lifted.

Merrill’s challenge also disclosed that the FBI may use NSLs to gain IP addresses on everyone a suspect has corresponded with and cell-site location information. The FBI said in the court filings it no longer used NSLs for location information.

The secretive orders have long drawn the ire of tech companies and privacy advocates, who argue NSLs allow the government to snoop on user content without appropriate judicial oversight or transparency.

Last year, the Obama administration announced it would permit Internet companies to disclose more about the number of NSLs they receive. But they can still only provide a range such as between 0 and 999 requests, or between 1,000 and 1,999. Twitter has sued in federal court seeking the ability to publish more details in its semi-annual transparency reports.

Several thousand NSLs are now issued by the FBI every year, though the agency says it is unaware of the precise number. At one point that number eclipsed 50,000 letters annually.

The FBI did not respond to a request for comment Monday.